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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Bratislava Declaration: Comment on recently announced Bratislava Declaration about European Union.
Sep 20, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2 and 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently the summit was held in Bratislava to discuss the issues after exit of Britain from European Union. Except Britain all other EU members were participated in the summit. Currently EU is facing existential crisis, and exit of Britain from EU is the latest symptom of the fear and discontent that have spread across the continent, fuelled by the migrant crisis, Islamophobia, Eurozone woes and terrorist attacks. The summit was held to diagnose the situation and to forge a united path forward.

Bratislava Declaration-

  • The Bratislava Declaration offers a road map for European Union countries for the next six months, on the issues like migration, border security, counter-terrorism, defence and economic and social development etc.
  • The Bratislava Declaration identifies various areas where much needed action required, such as funding for strategic investments across the region, establishing a common capital market across the EU and acquiring advanced traveller information to secure borders.

Issues-

  • Each move in the European Union needs precision and care in order to preserve the integrity of an increasingly tenuous union..
  • Though many areas identified in Bratislava declaration will find acceptance across the EU, but other areas like migration are more contentious.
  • For example Hungary will organise a national referendum in October to decide whether they will accept the recommended share for providing asylum to migrants.
  • Another contentious proposal is the European army. European Council has proposed that member-states move towards pooling and centralising their defence and diplomatic resources. Though it has advantageous, but member countries may oppose such move due to fear of overreach of EU on member states.

Suggestions-

  • With respect to refugees, the EU must find a creative, humane and effective solution to receive and resettle refugees.
  • The EU should focus the big picture and on areas where it has a comparative advantage while letting national governments take the lead in others.
  • The European Council should encouraging members to engage more rigorously with their citizens on EU issues, by explaining policies and their outcomes, collecting feedback, and inviting ideas.

Conclusion-

As discussed above, currently EU is facing various issues. These issues further exaggerated by Britain’s decision to leave EU. In this background recent summit in Bratislava discussed on variety of aspects. There is acceptance on various issues by member countries, but there are some contentious issues which need to be addressed. In this background it the duty of European Council to bring the consensus among member countries and recent summit at Bratislava is first step in this regard.


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