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Q. Ballistic missile Agni-V: Discuss the importance of Agni-V in India’s nuclear defence system.
Dec 27, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has test fired indigenously built he long-range ballistic missile Agni-V for the record fourth time. It is a significant step for India towards building a credible nuclear deterrence. 

Its specifications-

  • It first long-range inter-continental ballistic missile of India developed by DRDO.
  •  Agni-v is capable of carrying nuclear warhead.
  • According to DRDO officials the missile range is 5500-5800 km.  
  • It travels faster than a bullet and can carry 1,000 kilograms of nuclear weapons. 
  • It can be launched using a special canister, hence it can even be launched from a roadside.

Its importance-

  • The Agni series of missiles, including Agni-V, is crucial for India's defence and it will extend India's reach all over Asia, parts of Africa and parts of Europe.
  • With successful test firing of Agni-V ballistic missile and the recent commissioning of the indigenously built nuclear submarine INS Arihant, India is inching towards creating a robust and world-class second-strike capability.
  • In case of nuclear weapons, India follows no-first-use policy. Hence there an absolute necessity to build a reliable second-strike capability nuclear weapons. 
  • In a current political scenario, a country must be well prepared to withstand an enemy nuclear strike on its key locations and launch a successful second strike. 

Conclusion-

In a current complex global strategic environment every nation must be prepared for its self defence. As India follows no-first use policy in nuclear weapons, hence there is an absolute necessity to build strong second strike capability. In this background recently test-fired Agni-v ballistic missile plays crucial role in case of second strike due to its high end specification and its coverage. 


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