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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
State Ministers' Conference on Manual Scavenging
Feb 23, 2015

A Conference of State Ministers was held recently by the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (SJ&E) in New Delhi on Complete Elimination of Manual Scavenging through effective implementation of the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (MS Act, 2013).

Key Points :

  • The MS Act, 2013 prohibits insanitary toilets, employment as manual scavengers and hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks. 

  • Concerned State Ministers from 9 States—Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan and NCT of Delhi, participated in the conference. Senior officers of 21 States/UTs also attended the conference. 

  • The conference reviewed the action taken by the concerned States/UTs and Central Ministries for implementation of MS Act, 2013. 

  • State Ministers from 9 States gave the status of action taken for implementation of the Act in their respective States and offered suggestions. 

  • The Centre exhorted the States for time-bound elimination of manual scavenging. 

  • It was emphasised that the survey of insanitary toilets in urban and rural areas, as per the wider definition under the Act, need to be completed immediately. 

  • The manual scavengers servicing insanitary toilets should also be identified and assisted for their rehabilitation in alternative dignified occupations. 

  • It was pointed out that the surveys of manual scavengers and insanitary toilets in many States have not been conducted properly. 

  • The concerned agencies need to conduct fresh house to house surveys by undertaking visits to individual houses keeping in view the definition of manual scavengers and insanitary toilets as per the MS Act, 2013. 

  • The Government of India has already released one-time cash assistance of Rs. 40,000 in the bank accounts of each of the 1359 manual scavengers, whose details have been provided to the National Safai Karamcharis Finance and Development Corporation (NSKFDC) by the States.

  • The Centre suggested States and UTs to forward proposal for comprehensive rehabilitations of Manual Scavengers already identified at the earliest, so that the Ministry could sanction rehabilitation package under SRMS though NSKFDC. 

  • The Centre emphasised that the hazards cleaning of sewers and septic tanks, prohibited under the Act, should be stopped forthwith. 

It is to be noted here that as per the mandate of Swacch Bharat Abhiyan, a special drive need to be started to provide clean toilet facilities to all the people. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan lays emphasis on elimination of insanitary toilets and mechanised cleaning of sewers and septic tanks.


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