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सेमिनार: अंग्रेज़ी सीखने का अवसर (23 सितंबर: दोपहर 3 बजे)
Millennium Development Goals Report 2015
Jul 10, 2015

This annual report presents the most comprehensive global assessment of progress to date, based on data provided by a large number of international organizations within and outside the United Nations system. The aggregate figures in the report provide an overview of regional progress under the eight goals and are a convenient way to track advances over time. The report is coordinated and published by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

In India Bibek Debroy, member of NITI Aayog, released the report.

Key Points

  • India has halved its incidence of extreme poverty, from 49.4 per cent in 1994 to 24.7 per cent in 2011, ahead of the 2015 deadline set by the U.N. shows the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Report, 2015. 

  • The report set the limit for extreme poverty as those living on $1.25 or less a day. 

  • The reduction in poverty is still less than that achieved by several of India’s poorer neighbours. Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh have each outstripped India in poverty reduction. 

  • India is on track to achieving the hunger targets, the nation remains home to one-quarter of the world’s undernourished population, over a third of the world’s underweight children, and nearly a third of the world’s food-insecure people. 

  • India has achieved 11 out of 22 parameters in the report—education, poverty, health, education and so on—and is on track to achieve one more by 2015-end. 

  • Though India has halved its incidence of extreme poverty, the nation is categorised as making slow progress on the other 10 parameters, including maternal mortality and access to sanitation.

  • India’s pace of progress on the poverty-reduction goal seems relatively slower than its neighbours is in some part due to its significantly bigger size and greater diversity. 

  • There are pockets of good performance, there are also sections that fare very poorly, and this brings the national average down.

  • On the environment front, India is one of the few countries that have reduced its carbon dioxide emissions in relation to its GDP. India emitted 0.65 kg of carbon dioxide per $1 of GDP in 1990, which fell to 0.53 kg in 2010. 

  • India is still lagging on several health parameters such as maternal mortality, infant mortality and basic sanitation. Although the infant mortality rate fell drastically from 88.2 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 43.8 in 2012, the annual progress on this had been slow.

  • For the maternal mortality rate, which fell from 560 per lakh live births in 1990 to 190 in 2013. 

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