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Harappan Granary Found at Rakhigarhi
May 03, 2014

A beautifully made granary, with walls of mud-bricks, which are still in a remarkably good condition, has been discovered in the just-concluded excavation at Rakhigarhi village, a Harappan civilisation site, in Haryana.  The granary has rectangular and squarish chambers. Its floor is made of ramped earth and plastered with mud. 

Teachers and students of the Department of Archaeology, Deccan College Post-Graduate & Research Institute, Pune, and Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, excavated at Rakhigarhi from January to April this year. 

They excavated seven chambers in the granary. From the nature of the structure, it appears to be a big structure because it extends on all sides. But it is not known whether it is a private or public granary. But considering that it extends on all sides, it could be a big public granary. 

The excavating teams found several traces of lime and decomposed grass on the lower portion of the granary walls. This is a significant indication that it is a storehouse for storing grains because lime acts as insecticide, and grass prevents moisture from entering the grains. This is a strong proof for understanding the function of the structure. 

The discovery of two more mounds in Rakhigarhi in January make it the biggest Harappan civilisation site. There are about 2,000 Harappan sites in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. With the discovery of two more mounds, in addition to the seven already discovered, it is estimated that the total area of Rakhigarhi was 350 hectares. It thus overtook Mohenjodaro with about 300 hectares, in Pakistan, in laying claim to be the biggest Harappan site.

The Rakhigarhi site belongs to the mature Harappan phase, which lasted from 2600 BCE to 2000 BCE. The teams have also found artefacts, including a seal and potsherd, both inscribed with the Harappan script.

In Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, granaries were found in citadels, where the ruling elite lived. So mound number four in Rakhigarhi, where the granary was found, could have been the settlement’s citadel. 

Rakhigarhi is situated in the confluence of Ghaggar and Chautang rivers and it was a fertile area.


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