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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Global Gender Gap Index
Nov 24, 2015

The World Economic Forum believes it will take another 118 years or until 2133 the global pay gap between men and women is finally closed. The WEF report looks at whether men and women have the same rights and opportunities in each country in four areas: health, education, economic participation and political empowerment. These rankins are calculated in 145 countries


Key Points

  • The World Economic Forum says progress on closing the gap has stalled in recent years at a time when more women are entering the workplace.

  • In fact, nearly a quarter of a billion more women are in the global workforce today than a decade ago.

  • In several countries, more women are now going to university than men but this is not necessarily translating into more women occupying skilled roles or leadership positions.

  • The WEF report looks at whether men and women have the same rights and opportunities in each country in four areas: health, education, economic participation and political empowerment. 

  • As per data given in WEF’s Global Gender Gap report, women are only now earning the amount that men did in 2006.

  • Progress on closing the gap has stalled in recent years at a time when more women are entering the workplace.

  • Nearly a quarter of a billion more women are in the global workforce today than a decade ago.

  • In several countries, more women are now going to university than men but this is not necessarily translating into more women occupying skilled roles or leadership positions.

  • Nordic countries are still doing the most to close the gender gap overall, just as they were 10 years ago. They may not have achieved total equality, but Iceland (1), Norway (2), Finland (3) and Sweden (4) occupy the top four rankings. These countries have the best policies in the world for families. Their childcare systems are the best and they have the best laws on paternity, maternity and family leave.

  • Not far behind is Rwanda (6) which sits above the US and the UK in the index. Its high score is down to the number of female politicians active in the country. After the genocide there, a special effort was made to bring more women into politics. Now 64% of its parliamentarians are female. The country also has more women in its labour force than men.

  • But despite this, women still do not seem to reach the top positions in business, politics or public service in the same way that men do. The WEF believes only three countries have more women than men in leadership positions: the Philippines, Fiji and Columbia.

  • Saudi Arabia (134) scores more highly than Jordan or Lebanon. 

  • The global picture, though, is not always one of continual progress toward equality. A handful of countries have been moving backwards in the index: Jordan, Mali, Croatia, Slovak Republic and Sri Lanka.

The Global Gender Gap Index was first introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006 as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. This year is the 10th edition of the Index, allowing for time-series analysis on the changing patterns of gender equality around the world and comparisons between and within countries.

The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education and health criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups. The rankings are designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them.

The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.

The basic concept underlying the Global Gender Gap Index is that it evaluates countries based on outcomes rather than inputs or means. The distinguishing feature of the Global Gender Gap Index is that it ranks countries according to their proximity to gender equality rather than to women’s empowerment.


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