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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
15 October Celebrated as 'White Cane Day'
Oct 17, 2015

Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment organised White Cane Day on October 15 to sensitize the common man about the challenges being faced by visually challenged people. A week long activities started on World Sight Day from October 8 were also concluded on this day.

  • The ‘White Cane Day’ also known internationally as the ‘White Cane Safety Day’ is celebrated on 15th October every year.

  • There are over 16 million blind and 28 million visually impaired people in India who are often marginalized in terms of education opportunities, career opportunities or social standing as compared to their sighted counterparts.

  • India is home to the world's largest number of blind people.

  • One out of every an estimated 15 million blind people live in India.

  • Every year, 3 million people develop cataracts in their eyes.

  • There are 2 million blind children in India and only 5% of them receive any education.

  • Due to a lack of access to information, they are often unable to lead fulfilling, independent, economic and socially productive lives.

  • The mission of White Cane Day is to educate the world about how the blind and visually impaired can live and work independently while giving back to their communities, to celebrate the abilities and successes achieved by blind people in a sighted world and to honor the many contributions being made by the blind and visually impaired.

  • National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% Centrally Sponsored scheme with the goal to reduce the prevalence of blindness from 1.4% to 0.3%.

  • Various activities/initiatives undertaken during the Five Year Plans under NPCB are targeted towards achieving the goal of reducing the prevalence of blindness to 0.3% by the year 2020.

Main Causes of Blindness in India

  • Cataract (62.6%) Refractive Error (19.70%) Corneal Blindness (0.90%), Glaucoma (5.80%), Surgical Complication (1.20%) Posterior Capsular Opacification (0.90%) Posterior Segment Disorder (4.70%), Others (4.19%) Estimated National Prevalence of Childhood Blindness /Low Vision is 0.80 per thousand

Shortage of donated eyes is becoming a huge problem. Of the 15 million blind people in India, three million, 26% of whom are children, suffer due to corneal disorders. But only 10,000 corneal transplants are being done every year due to the shortage of donated eyes. The Union health ministry has already launched a national programme to control blindness and expects to reach its blindness elimination target of 0.3% by 2015, five years before the WHO deadline of 2020.


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