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Q. Importance of Kigali agreement: Discuss the importance of Kigali agreement.
Oct 27, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Kigali agreement aimed to amend the Montreal Protocol and substantially limit the emission of hydro-fluoro-carbons (HFCs) that contribute to global warming represents major progress. It has been signed by 170 countries, which is considered as significant step in the international effort to keep global warming from reaching catastrophic levels.

Its importance-

  • Total HFC emissions are far less contributors of climate change in comparisons to other greenhouse gasses, but HFCs are thousands of times more potent than carbon dioxide on a pound-per-pound basis.
  • Adopting an ambitious amendment to phase down the use and production of HFCs is considered as the one of the most important step in the global fight against climate change. 
  • If all signatory countries implemented this agreement effectively, then could on its own prevent a 0.5°C (0.9°F) rise in temperature by 2100. 
  • Many scientists hailed it as an important achievement, which could be crucial to the goal laid out in last year’s Paris Agreement of holding global temperature rise below 2°C by 2100.
  • The Kigali agreement builds on momentum from other international efforts this past year aimed at addressing climate change.

Conclusion-

Kigali agreement on phasing down climate-damaging HFCs is one of the historic step in global fight against climate change. It will play substantial role in holding global temperature rise below 2°C by 2100 as agreed in Paris agreement. Similarly the deal would provide a mechanism for countries like India to access and develop technologies that leave a low carbon footprint.

 


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