India-Tajikistan Bilateral Relations | 01 Jul 2022

For Prelims: UNSC, SCO, ECOSOC, Ajanta Pharma, ICCR, India-Central Asia Dialogue

For Mains: India-Tajikistan Relations, East-West Trans-Eurasian transit economic corridors, Indian Technical & Economic Cooperation Programme (ITEC), ICCR, India-Central Asia Relations

Why in News?

India’s Minister for Science and Technology and Earth Sciences held a bilateral meeting with the Minister for Energy and Water resources of Republic of Tajikistan.

How is India’s Relations with Tajikistan?

  • Consultative Mechanism:
    • Foreign Office Consultations
    • Joint Working Group on Counter-terrorism
    • Joint Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation
    • JWG on Defence Cooperation
    • JWG on Peaceful Use of Space Technology for Development
  • Cooperation in International Forums:
  • Development & Aid Partnership:
    • Development Assistance:
      • With a grant of USD 0.6 million, an Information and Technology Centre (Bedil Centre) was commissioned in 2006.
        • The project ran for a full hardware cycle of 6 years and trained almost all first-generation IT experts in the government sector in Tajikistan.
      • A project for setting up computer labs in 37 schools in Tajikistan was completed and delivered in August 2016.
    • Humanitarian Assistance:
      • In June 2009, USD 200,000 cash assistance was given by India to overcome damage caused by floods in Tajikistan.
      • After the outbreak of Polio in southwest Tajikistan, India provided 2 million doses of oral polio vaccine through UNICEF in November 2010.
  • Human Capacity Building:
  • Trade & Economic Relation:
    • Indian exports to Tajikistan mainly consist of pharmaceuticals, medical preparations, cane or beet sugar, tea, handicraft and machinery.
      • Indian pharmaceutical products occupy approximately 25% of Tajik market.
    • Different types of ores, slag and ash, aluminium, organic chemicals, herbal oils, dried fruits and cotton are exported to India by Tajikistan.
    • In 2018, Eight MoU’s were signed in the areas of Peaceful Use of Space Technology, Disaster Management, Renewable Energy, and Agricultural Research and Education.
  • Cultural & People-to-People Relation:
    • Deep rooted historical and cultural linkages have helped expand and widen the relationship to a new level.
      • Cooperation between the two countries encompasses all aspects of human endeavour with special focus on military and defence ties.
    • Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre in Dushanbe offers courses in Kathak & Tabla through teachers deployed by Indian Council for Cultural Relations from India. The centre also offers Sanskrit and Hindi language classes.
    • In 2020 ‘My Life My Yoga’ video blogging competition saw participation from Tajikistan yoga enthusiasts.

India-Central Asia Relations

  • About:
    • India has had relations with Central Asia since the 3rd century B.C as the nation's fell on route to the Legendary Silk Route.
    • Buddhism found inroads in several of Central Asian cities such as Merv, Khalachayan, Tirmiz and Bokhara etc in the form of Stupas and Monasteries.
    • Central Asia serves as a land bridge between Asia and Europe, making it geopolitically axial for India.
      • The region is rich in natural resources such as petroleum, natural gas, antimony, aluminium, gold, silver, coal and uranium which can be best utilised by Indian energy requirements.
    • Central Asian Regions are fast getting linked to the global market for production, supplies of raw materials and services.
  • India-Central Asia Dialogue:
    • It is a ministerial-level dialogue between India and the Central Asian countries namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
    • All five nations became independent states after the collapse of the USSR in 1991, post-Cold war.
    • All the countries participating in the dialogue, except for Turkmenistan, are also members of the SCO.
    • The dialogue focuses on a number of issues including ways to improve connectivity and stabilise war-ravaged Afghanistan.
  • Recent Development between India and Central Asia Relations:

UPSC Civil Services Examination, Previous Year Questions (PYQ)

Q. Consider the following countries: (2022)

  1. Azerbaijan
  2. Kyrgyzstan
  3. Tajikistan
  4. Turkmenistan
  5. Uzbekistan

Which of the above have borders with Afghanistan?

A. 1, 2 and 5 only
B. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
C. 3, 4 and 5 only
D. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Ans: C

Source: PIB