Year End Review 2019: Ministry of Culture | 04 Apr 2020

Important Events

Commemoration of the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi

Sanskriti Kumbh

  • A 29 days cultural extravaganza was organised at Kumbh Mela Area, Prayagraj in January 2019 to showcase the rich Cultural Heritage of India in all its rich and varied dimensions viz. Performing Arts- Folk, Tribal and Classical art forms, Handicrafts, Cuisines, Exhibitions etc. all in one place.

Bharat Rang Mahotsav

  • The 20th edition of Bharat Rang Mahotsav (BRM), the international theatre festival of India, was organized by National School of Drama.

Jaipur- India’s 38th UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • India’s nomination of the Jaipur City, Rajasthan got inscribed on 6th July, 2019 on the World Heritage List of UNESCO during the 43rd Session of the World Heritage Committee held at Baku, Azerbaijan.
  • With Successful inscription of Jaipur City, India has 38 world heritage sites that include 30 Cultural properties, 7 Natural properties and 1 mixed site.
UNESCO's World Heritage Sites of India
Tangible Heritage Intangible Cultural Heritage
Cultural Natural Mixed Indian Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
  • Taj Mahal, Agra
  • Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh
  • Hampi, Karnataka
  • Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra
  • Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
  • Bodh Gaya, Bihar
  • Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha
  • Red Fort Complex, Delhi
  • Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh
  • Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu
  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
  • Humayun’s Tomb, New Delhi
  • Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Rajasthan
  • Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
  • Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
  • Rani Ki Vav, Patan, Gujarat
  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, Karnataka
  • Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra
  • Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University), Bihar
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), Maharashtra
  • Mountain Railways of India
  • Qutub Minar and its Monuments, New Delhi
  • Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan
  • Churches and Convents of Goa
  • Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh
  • Capitol Complex, Chandigarh
  • The Historic City of Ahmedabad
  • The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai
  • Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
  • Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam
  • Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  • Manas Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Uttarakhand
  • Western Ghats
  • Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
  • Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim
  • The tradition of Vedic chanting
  • Ramlila, the traditional performance of the Ramayana
  • Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre
  • Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India
  • Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala
  • Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
  • Chhau dance
  • Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur
  • Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India
  • Yoga
  • Navroz
  • Kumbh Mela

Commemoration event of ‘76th Year of Formation of Azad Hind Government’

  • The 76th anniversary of the formation of the Azad Hind Government was celebrated on 21st October, 2019, at the Red Fort, Delhi.
  • On 21st October 1943, Subhash Chandra Bose announced the formation of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind (Free India) in Singapore, with himself as the Head of State, Prime Minister and Minister of War.
  • The Provisional Government not only enabled Bose to negotiate with the Japanese on an equal footing but also facilitated the mobilisation of Indians in East Asia to join and support the Indian National Army (INA).

Mumbai and Hyderabad: UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network (UCCN)

Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019 Passed by Parliament

  • It seeks to make apolitical the trust that runs Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial by removing the clause pertaining to the President of INC as a permanent member of the trust.
  • The Bill also amends to include the Leader of Opposition recognised as such in the House of the People (LokSabha) or where there is no such Leader of Opposition, then the Leader of the single largest Opposition Party in that House as a member of the trust.

Records Relating to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Azad Hind Fauj De-classified

  • All records relating to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Azad Hind Fauj de-classified and were placed in the National Archives of India.
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) is one of the most celebrated freedom fighters of India.
  • In 1942, he earned the title ‘Netaji’, in Germany by the Indian soldiers of the Azad Hind Fauj.
  • He is also credited to be the first man to call Mahatma Gandhi “Father of the Nation”, in his address from Singapore.

Important Sites

Markandeshwar Temple, Maharashtra

  • Archaeological Survey of India initiated the restoration work of Markandeshwar temple in Maharashtra.
    • Known as the “Khajuraho of Vidarbha”, the temple of Markandadeo is situated on the bank of River Wainganga in district Gadchiroli of Maharashtra.

Phupgaon, Maharashtra

  • The recent excavation carried out by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) at Maharashtra’s Phupgaon has revealed evidence of an Iron Age settlement in the Vidarbha region.
  • The site is situated in the vast meander of the river Purna, a major tributary of Tapi, which used to be a perennial river, but at present is completely dried-up due to the dam construction in the upper stream.
  • Chronologically, the site could be placed between 7th C BCE and 4th C BCE.

Gottiprolu, Andhra Pradesh

  • Excavations indicate it as a Trade Centre of Early Historic Period.
  • The site lies on the right bank of a distributary of river Swarnamukhi.
  • The proximity of the site (at southern coastal location) to the seacoast suggests that the site could have served as a strategic settlement involved in maritime trade.
  • Among many other antiquities unearthed are one life-size Vishnu sculpture and a wide variety of pottery of the early centuries of current era.