UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) | 19 Dec 2022

Why in News?

India has abstained in the U.N. Economic and Social Council on a draft resolution to oust Iran from its principal global intergovernmental body (Commission on the Status of Women) dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and women empowerment.

What is Commission on the Status of Women (CSW)?

  • It is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women.
  • By the ECOSOC resolution of June 1946, it was established as a functional commission of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The Commission comprises 45 Member States of the United Nations.

What was the Resolution?

  • The draft resolution, introduced by the U.S., on the removal of Iran from the membership of the CSW for the remainder of its 2022-2026 term, citing its oppression of women and girls in the country.
    • Iran has been rocked by protests since the September 2022 death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, who died after being detained by the country's morality police.
  • The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 29 in favour to 8 against - Bolivia, China, Kazakhstan, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Russia, Zimbabwe and 16 abstentions, including by Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Mauritius, Mexico, and Thailand.

What is the UN Economic and Social Council?

UPSC Civil Services Examination Previous Year Question (PYQ)

Q. With reference to the United Nations, consider the following statements: (2009)

  1. The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of UN consists of 24 member States.
  2. It is elected by a 2/3rd majority of the General Assembly for a 3-year term.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only 
(c) Both 1 and 2 
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (b)

Source: TH