Rabindranath Tagore | 10 May 2021

Why in News

The Prime Minister paid tribute to Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore on 160th Jayanti on 7th May, 2021.

Key Points

  • Birth:
    • He was born in Calcutta on 7th May 1861.
  • About:
    • He was also referred to as ‘Gurudev’, ‘Kabiguru’, and ‘Biswakabi’
    • He is regarded as the outstanding creative artist of modern India and hailed by W.B Yeats, Rabindranath Tagore was a Bengali poet, novelist, and painter, who was highly influential in introducing Indian culture to the west.
    • He was an exceptional literary figure and a renowned polymath who singlehandedly reshaped the region's literature and music.
    • He was a good friend of Mahatma Gandhi and is said to have given him the title of Mahatma.
    • He had always stressed that unity in diversity is the only possible way for India’s national integration.
    • He had spoken at the World Parliament for Religions in the years 1929 and 1937.
  • Contributions:
    • He is said to have composed over 2000 songs and his songs and music are called ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ with its own distinct lyrical and fluid style.
    • He is responsible for modernising Bengali prose and poetry. His notable works include Gitanjali, Ghare-Baire, Gora, Manasi, Balaka, Sonar Tori, He is also remembered for his song ‘Ekla Chalo Re’.
      • He published his first poems aged 16 under the pen-name ‘Bhanusimha’.
    • He not only gave the national anthems for two countries, India and Bangladesh, but also inspired a Ceylonese student of his, to pen and compose the national anthem of Sri Lanka.
    • Besides all his literary achievements he was also a philosopher and educationist who in 1921 established the Vishwa-Bharati University, a university that challenged conventional education.
  • Awards:
    • In 1913 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his work on Gitanjali.
      • He was the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize.
    • In 1915 he was awarded knighthood by the British King George V. In 1919, following the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre he renounced his Knighthood.
  • Death:
    • He died on 7th August 1941 in Calcutta.