National Youth Day | 13 Jan 2021

Why in News

National Youth Day is held every year on 12th January to observe the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda.

Key Points

  • The day is also referred to as Swami Vivekanand Jayanti and was designated as the National Youth Day in 1984.
  • 24th National Youth Festival:
    • Celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, the National Youth Festival is an annual gathering of youth with various activities including competitive ones.
    • Theme of 2021 Festival: ‘YUVAAH – Utsah Naye Bharat Ka”.
    • It will be celebrated from 12th to 16th January
    • It is organized by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India in collaboration with one of the State Governments.
    • As part of the National Youth Festival, the National Youth Parliament Festival (NYPF) has also been organized since 2019.
  • National Youth Parliament Festival:
    • Objective:
      • To hear the voice of youth in this age bracket of 18-25 who are allowed to vote but cannot contest in elections.
      • To encourage the youth to engage with public issues, understand the common man’s point of view, form their opinion and express these in an articulate manner.
    • Organized by:
      • National Service Scheme (NSS) and Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) under the aegis of Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.
    • The first festival of the NYPF was organised from 12th January to 27th February, 2019, with the theme "Be the Voice of New India and Find solutions and Contribute to Policy”.
    • This is the second NYPF festival started in December 2020.

Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)

  • He was born as Narendranath Datta on 12th January, 1863.
  • Introduced the world to the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga.
  • He was the chief disciple of the 19th-century mystic Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
  • Laid the greatest emphasis on education for the regeneration of our motherland. He advocated a man-making character-building education.
  • Established the Ramakrishna Mission in 1897. It is an organization which works in the area of value-based education, culture, health, women's empowerment, youth and tribal welfare and relief and rehabilitation.
  • He died at Belur Math in 1902. Belur Math, located in West Bengal, is the headquarters of Ramakrishna Math & Ramakrishna Mission.

Source PIB