Autocratisation Goes Viral Report | 12 Mar 2021

Why in News

Recently, India has been classified as an “electoral autocracy” in the annual report named Autocratisation Goes Viral of Sweden-based Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Institute.

Key Points

  • About V-Dem:
    • The V-Dem Institute, an independent research organisation founded in 2014 by Swedish political scientist Staffan Lindberg.
    • It produces its annual report on the state of democracy around the world based on a dataset of almost 30 million data points for 202 countries.
  • Global Scenario:
    • The global decline of liberal democracies was ‘steep’ in the past 10 years in the Asia-Pacific region, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America.
    • Apart from India, countries like Brazil and Turkey figured among the top 10 countries that slipped in rankings that were part of the G-20 nations.
  • India’s Position:
    • India was previously classified as an electoral democracy, however the latest report classified it as electoral autocracy.
    • India is now as autocratic as is Pakistan, and worse than both its neighbours Bangladesh and Nepal.
    • Political rights and civil liberties in the country have deteriorated since 2014, with increased pressure on human rights organizations, rising intimidation of academics and journalists, and a spate of bigoted attacks, including lynchings, aimed at Muslims.
  • Reasons for the Downgrade:

Source: TH