VIHANGAM | 17 Dec 2021

Why in News

Recently, an internet-based platform called ‘VIHANGAM’ integrated with a Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) at Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL) was inaugurated.

Mahanadi Coalfields Limited

  • It is one of the major coal producing companies of India. It is one of the eight subsidiaries of Coal India Limited.
  • MCL was the first coal company to introduce environment-friendly Surface Mining technology in 1999.
  • The biggest fleet of 66 Surface Miners is contributing 95%of the total coal production of the company.

Key Points

  • About:
    • The system consists of a Ground Control Station (GCS), an RPAS, internet lease line of 40 Mbps and VIHANGAM portal.
    • The system enables real-time transmission of aerial video of mining activities from mines to internet platforms which can be accessed through VIHANGAM portal by authorized personnel only having ID and password.
  • Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS):
    • RPAS is one subset of the Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS).
    • There are three subsets of Unmanned Aircraft- Remotely Piloted Aircraft, Autonomous Aircraft and Model Aircraft.
      • Drone is a layman terminology for Unmanned Aircraft (UA).
    • Remotely piloted aircraft have been divided into five categories based on their weight (existing rules).
      • Nano : Less than or equal to 250 grams.
      • Micro : From 250 grams to 2kg.
      • Small : From 2 kg to 25kg.
      • Medium : From 25kg to 150kg.
      • Large : Greater than 150kg
    • Remotely Piloted Aircraft consists of remote pilot station(s), the required command and control links and any other components, as specified in the type design.
  • Other Initiatives Using UAVs:

Source: PIB