UNSC Resolution on Gaza Strip | 20 Nov 2023

Source: TH

Why in News? 

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has adopted a resolution for "extended humanitarian pauses" in the Gaza Strip, marking the first formal response by the UNSC since the recent Israel-Hamas conflict began.

What is the Resolution About?

  • The resolution, prepared by Malta (Country in Europe), is adopted with 12 votes in favour. While the United States(US), the United Kingdom(UK), and Russia abstained from the vote on the resolution. 
    • The US and UK abstained because of the resolution's failure to condemn Hamas' surprise cross-border attacks into Israel, and Russia because of the resolution’s failure to demand a humanitarian cease-fire, which Israel and the US oppose.
    • This decision raises questions about the stance of these major powers regarding the Gaza situation.
  • The resolution calls on all parties to adhere to international humanitarian obligations, particularly in protecting civilians, including children.
  • It emphasises the need for urgent and extended humanitarian pauses and corridors throughout Gaza to facilitate aid delivery to civilians affected by the conflict.
  • It urges the "immediate and unconditional release of all hostages," with over 230 individuals believed to be held by Hamas.
  • The resolution raises the question of how many days would be deemed sufficient for the humanitarian pauses. 
    • A previous draft suggested an initial pause of five consecutive days within 24 hours of resolution adoption.

UPSC Civil Services Examination Previous Year Question (PYQ)


Q. The Security Council of UN consists of 5 permanent members, and the remaining 10 members are elected by the General Assembly for a term of (2009)

(a) 1 year

(b) 2 years

(c) 3 years

(d) 5 years

Ans: (b)