Ukraine Peace Formula | 30 Dec 2022

For Prelims: G-20, G-7, Peace Formula

For Mains: Ukraine’s Peace Formula and World’s Response to it

Why in News?

Recently, the Prime Minister of India spoke to the Ukrainian President to discuss India’s ongoing G-20 Presidency, and Ukraine’s “10-point Peace Plan”.

  • In early December 2022, Ukraine urged the leaders of the Group of Seven nations to support its Global Peace Summit idea in winter that would focus on the peace plan “as a whole or some specific points in particular”.

What is Ukraine’s 10-Point Peace Plan?

  • Ukraine first announced its peace formula at a November 2022 summit of the Group of 20 major economies. The plan calls for:
    • Radiation and nuclear safety, focusing on restoring safety around Europe’s largest nuclear power plant, Zaporizhzhia in Ukraine, which is now-Russian occupied.
    • Food security, including protecting and ensuring Ukraine’s grain exports to the world’s poorest nations.
    • Energy security, with focus on price restrictions on Russian energy resources, as well as aiding Ukraine with restoring its power infrastructure, half of which has been damaged by Russian attacks.
    • Release of all prisoners and deportees, including war prisoners and children deported to Russia.
    • Restoring Ukraine’s territorial integrity and Russia reaffirming it according to the United Nations Charter.
    • Withdrawal of Russian troops and cessation of hostilities, restoration of Ukraine’s state borders with Russia.
    • Justice, including the establishment of a special tribunal to prosecute Russian war crimes.
    • Protection of environment with focus on demining and restoring water treatment facilities.
    • Prevention of escalation of conflict, and building security architecture in the Euro-Atlantic space, including guarantees for Ukraine.
    • Confirmation of the war’s end, including a document signed by the involved parties.

What has been the World’s Response to Peace Formula?

  • Russia rejected Ukraine’s peace proposal and Moscow reiterated that it would not give up any territory it has taken by force, around a fifth of Ukraine, which Russia has annexed.
  • The Western world’s support for Ukraine’s military has run into billions of dollars, led by Washington, and nations have rushed to help Kyiv with demining and fixing power infrastructure.
    • But response to Ukraine’s peace plan and its proposed peace summit has been more cautious.
  • The G7 leaders said they were committed to bringing peace to Ukraine “in line with its rights enshrined in the U.N. Charter.”

Source: TH