Shore Temple | 12 Dec 2019

Why in News

The shoreline on the northern side of the Shore temple in Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu is facing severe sea erosion.

  • Shore Temple is one among a number of Hindu monuments at Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram), on the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu.
  • It is considered the finest early example of medieval southern Indian temple architecture.
  • It was built probably in the reign of Narasimhavarman II, also known as Rajasimha (Pallava ruler) who reigned from 700 to 728 CE.
  • Unlike most of its neighbours at the site, it is built of cut stones rather than carved out of caves.
  • It has two shrines, one dedicated to Shiva and the other to Vishnu.
  • It has been built in Dravidian style. Its style is characterized by a pyramidal kutina-type tower that consists of stepped stories topped by a cupola and finial, a form quite different from the northern Indian sikhara.
  • The Mamallapuram monuments and temples, including the Shore Temple complex, were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

Source: TH