SATAT Scheme | 28 Feb 2019

Recently the Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas has handed over the 100th Letter of Intent (LOI)  to the Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) Entrepreneur (producer) under the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) scheme.

  • SATAT has following four objectives:
    • Utilising more than 62 million metric tonnes of waste generated every year in India,
    • Cutting down import dependence,
    • Supplementing job creation in the country, and
    • Reducing vehicular emissions and pollution from burning of agricultural / organic waste.

Compressed Bio-Gas

  • Bio-gas is produced naturally through a process of anaerobic decomposition from waste / bio-mass sources like agriculture residue, cattle dung, sugarcane press mud, municipal solid waste, sewage treatment plant waste, etc. After purification, it is compressed and called CBG, which has pure methane content of over 90%.
  • Compressed Bio-Gas is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas in its composition and energy potential.
  • CBG can be used as an alternative, renewable automotive fuel. Given the abundance of biomass in the country, CBG has the potential to replace CNG in automotive, industrial and commercial uses in the coming years.
  • Advantages of converting agricultural residue, cattle dung and municipal solid waste into CBG on a commercial scale:
    • Responsible waste management, reduction in carbon emissions and pollution.
    • Additional revenue source for farmers.
    • Boost to entrepreneurship, rural economy and employment.
    • Support to national commitments in achieving climate change goals.
    • Reduction in import of natural gas and crude oil.
    • Buffer against crude oil/gas price fluctuations.