Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve | 10 Jul 2020

  • Description: Ranthambore National Park was established initially as Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India.
    • In 1973, it was declared as a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger.
    • In1980, Ranthambore was declared a national park, while the forests located beside it were named Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary & Keladevi Sanctuary.
  • Location: Ranthambore Tiger Reserve lies in the eastern part of Rajasthan state in Karauli and Sawai Madhopur districts, at the junction of the Aravali and Vindhya hill ranges.
  • The vegetation includes grasslands on plateaus and dense forests along the seasonal streams.
    • The forest type is mainly tropical dry deciduous with ‘dhak’ (Butea monosperma), a species of tree capable of withstanding long periods of drought, being the commonest.
    • This tree is also called as 'Flame of forest' and is one of the many flowering plants that add colour to the dry summers here.
    • Other Common Names: Battle of Plassey tree, Bengal kino, Palash tree, parrot tree, etc.


  • The tree is also known as the “Battle of Plassey” tree because Palashi was the scene of the Battle of Plassey, a decisive victory of British forces under Robert Clive over those of the nawab (ruler) of Bengal, Sirāj al-Dawlah, in 1757.

    • Wildlife
      • The park is rich in wildlife with tigers at the apex of the food chain in mammals.
      • Other animals found here are leopards, striped hyenas, common or hanuman langurs, rhesus macaques, jackals, jungle cats, caracals, blackbuck, Blacknaped hare and chinkara, etc.
      • The park is rich in birds with about 272 species recorded so far.
    • This area with tigers in it represents the north-western limit of the Bengal tiger’s distribution range and is an outstanding example of Project Tiger’s efforts for conservation in the country.

    Source: TH