Performance of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme | 25 Jan 2021

Why in News

The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme has recently completed 6 years of its launch in 2015. On the occasion of National Girl Child Day (24th January), the performance of BBBP scheme was discussed.

  • The National Girl Child Day was started by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2008.

Key Points

  • About the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme:
    • Main Objectives:
      • Prevention of gender-biased sex-selective elimination.
      • Ensuring survival & protection of the girl child.
      • Ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
      • Protecting rights of Girl child.
    • Multisectoral Nationwide Campaign:
      • BBBP is a national campaign and focussed multisectoral action in 100 selected districts low in Child Sex Ratio (CSR), covering all States and UTs.
      • This is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  • Performance of BBBP Scheme:
    • Sex Ratio at Birth:
      • Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) has improved by 16 points from 918 (2014-15) to 934 (2019-20), as per the Health Management Information System (HMIS) data.
      • Out of 640 districts covered under BBBP, 422 districts have shown improvement in SRB from 2014-15 to 2018-2019.
      • Notable Examples:
        • Mau (Uttar Pradesh) from 694 (2014-15) to 951 (2019-20),
        • Karnal (Haryana) from 758 (2014-15) to 898 (2019-20),
        • Mahendergarh (Haryana) from 791 (2014-15) to 919 (2019-20), etc.
    • Health:
      • ANC Registration: Percentage of 1st Trimester ANC (AnteNatal Care) Registration has shown an improving trend from 61% in 2014-15 to 71% in 2019-20.
      • Institutional Deliveries: Percentage of Institutional Deliveries has shown an improving trend from 87% in 2014-15 to 94% in 2019-20.
    • Education :
      • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER): GER of girls in the schools at secondary level has improved from 77.45 (2014-15) to 81.32 (2018-19) as per Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) provisional data.
      • Toilet for girls: Percentage of schools with functional separate toilets for girls has shown improvement from 92.1% in 2014-15 to 95.1% in 2018-19.
    • Attitudinal Change:
      • The BBBP scheme has been able to bring the focus on important issue of female infanticide, lack of education amongst girls and deprivation of their rights on a life cycle continuum.
      • BetiJanmotsav is one of the key programmes celebrated in each district.
  • Other Initiatives for Girl Children:
    • UJJAWALA: To tackle the problem of trafficking, it is a Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of Trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-Integration of Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation.
    • Kishore Health Card: To record the information about the weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI) of Adolescent Girls (AGs). These health cards for AGs are maintained at the AnganWadi centres (AWCs).
    • Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG).
    • Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, etc.