Kanjeevaram Silk Sari: Tamil Nadu | 29 Jul 2021

Why in News

National award winning artisan weaver, B Krishnamoorthy, has created a repository with samples of all the designs, patterns and motifs traditional to Kanjeevaram silk sari weaving, preserving fine pieces for next generation.

Key Points

  • About Kanjeevaram Sarees:
    • Traditionally, the Kanjeevaram is a sari that is usually handwoven in mulberry silk and has pure gold or silver zari that renders it a festive quality.
      • Handloom silk saree is identified as the most luxurious and classy fabric in Indian traditional clothing.
    • Originating from the village ‘Kanchipuram’ in Tamil Nadu, Kanjeevaram is considered the queen of silk sarees.
    • The temple architecture of south India and especially around Kanchipuram has historically served as a mood board for design inspiration for the traditional Kanjeevaram motifs.
      • One can spot motifs such as the mythical creature called the Yali (an elephant-lion fusion), the Ganda Berunda (a two-headed majestic mythical bird) and the ubiquitous temple border called reku.
    • Tracing its long and rich history from the Chola Dynasty, Kanchipuram sarees today are considered as one of the oldest and rich legacies of the Indian textile industry.
    • Kanchipuram silk has also received Geographical indication (GI Tag) in 2005-06.
  • Other GI tagged Sarees:
    • Tamil Nadu: Kandangi Saree, Thirubuvanam silk sarees, Kovai Kora Cotton Sarees
    • Uttar Pradesh: Banaras Brocade
    • Karnataka: Ilkal Saree, Molakalmuru Saree
    • Andhra Pradesh: Uppada Jamdani Sarees, Venkatagiri Sarees, Mangalagiri Saree
    • Kerala: Balaramapuram Sarees, Kasaragod Sarees, Kuthampully Sarees
    • Telangana: Gadwal Saree, Pochampally Ikat (logo)
    • Madhya Pradesh: Chanderi Saree, Maheshwar Sarees
    • Odisha: Orissa Ikat, Bomkai Saree, Habaspuri Saree
    • West Bengal: Santipore Saree, Baluchari Saree, Dhaniakhali Saree
    • Maharashtra: Paithani Sarees and Fabrics, Karvath Kati Sarees and Fabrics
    • Chhattisgarh: Champa Silk Saree
    • Gujarat: Surat Zari Craft, Patola Saree.
  • Silk Production in India:
    • India is the second largest producer of silk in the world, producing around 18% of the world's total silk.
    • There are five major types of silk of commercial importance, obtained from different species of silkworms. These are Mulberry, Oak Tasar & Tropical Tasar, Muga and Eri.
      • Except mulberry, other non-mulberry varieties of silks are wild silks, known as vanya silks.
    • India has the unique distinction of producing all these commercial varieties of silk.
    • South India is the leading silk producing area of the country and is also known for its famous silk weaving enclaves like Kancheepuram, Dharmavaram, Arni, etc.
    • The Government of India in 2017 launched a scheme called “Silk Samagra” for the development of sericulture in the country.

Source: TH