Cabinet Committee on Investment and Growth | 24 Dec 2019

Why in News

The newly-formed Cabinet Committee on Investment and Growth (CCIG) held its first meeting to discuss issues related to the slowdown in the economy.

  • The meeting also discussed about the slowing GDP growth to 4.5% (a six-year low) as investment, exports and consumption have declined in the country.
  • Alongside CCIG, a Cabinet Committee on Employment & Skill Development was also constituted in response to rising unemployment in the country.
    • The Periodic Labour Force Survey had shown the overall unemployment rate to be 6.1% during 2017-18.

Cabinet Committees

  • Cabinet Committees are extra-constitutional in emergence. In other words, they are not mentioned in the Constitution. However, the Rules of Business provide for their establishment.
    • These Rules emerge out of Article 77(3) of the Constitution, which empowers the President to make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government, and for the allocation among Ministers.
  • These committees are of two types—standing and ad hoc. The standing Cabinet Committees are of a permanent nature while the ad hoc Cabinet Committees are of a temporary nature.
    • The Prime Minister constitutes Standing Committees of the Cabinet and sets out the specific functions assigned to them. He can add or reduce the number of committees.
    • The ad hoc committees are constituted from time to time to deal with special problems. They are disbanded after their task is completed.

Note: All Cabinet Committees except Cabinet Committee on Accommodation and Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs are headed by Prime Minister.