Black Panther in Netravali Sanctuary | 08 May 2020

Why in News

A black panther was spotted in Goa’s Netravali Sanctuary.

  • While the area is a known habitat of tigers, this is for the first time a black panther has been captured on camera in the sanctuary.

Black Panther

  • A black panther is the melanistic colour variant of any Panthera, particularly of the leopard in Asia and Africa, and the jaguar in the Americas.
    • Melanism is the increased development of the dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin or hair.
  • It is as shy as a normal leopard and very difficult to detect. It is mostly found in densely forested areas of southern India.
  • Areas where black panther has been spotted earlier:
    • Periyar Tiger Reserve (Kerala)
    • Bhadra Tiger Reserve, Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve and Kabini Wildlife Sanctuary (Karnataka)
    • Achanakmar Tiger Reserve (Chhattisgarh)
    • Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary (Goa)
    • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu)

Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary is located in South Eastern Goa and constitutes one of the vital corridors of the Western Ghats.
  • It is bounded by Cotigao wildlife sanctuary on the eastern side and Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National Park on the northern side.
  • Netravali or Neturli is an important tributary of River Zuari, which originates in the sanctuary.
  • It has two important waterfalls namely, Savari and Mainapi.
  • Forests mostly consist of moist deciduous vegetation interspersed with evergreen and semi-evergreen habitat.
  • Fauna: Leopard, Giant Squirrel, Mouse Deer, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon and Ceylon Frogmouth.
  • Other Protected Areas in Goa:
    • Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary
    • Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Mollem National Park
    • Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary

Source: IE