Assam Rifles | 25 Mar 2022

Why in News?

  • Recently, the 187th Raising Day of the Assam Rifles has been celebrated in Shillong. Assam Rifles is the watchdog of the North East and the oldest paramilitary force in the country.

What is the Key Role of Assam Rifles?

  • Assam Rifles is a Central Paramilitary Force under the Central Armed Police Forces.
  • It came into being in 1835, as a militia called the ‘Cachar Levy’, to primarily protect British Tea estates and their settlements against tribal raids.
  • It significantly contributed to the opening of Assam region to administration and commerce and over time it came to be known as the “right arm of the civil and left arm of the military”.
  • Assam Rifles has two battalions stationed in Jammu and Kashmir and one National Disaster Relief Force battalion, which is playing its active role in case of natural calamities.
  • Although India has been contributing to the UN peacekeeping for many years, the addition of the Riflewomen Team of the Assam Rifles adds another social and human dimension to our commitment to the community of nations.
  • Major role post-Independence:
  • In November 2019, MHA proposed to merge it with the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
    • ITBP is a specialized mountain force, raised in October 1962.
    • It is deployed on border guarding duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3488 km of Indo-China Border.

What is the Central Armed Police Forces?

  • The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to seven security forces in India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • Assam Rifles (AR)
    • Border Security Force (BSF)
    • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
    • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
    • Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
    • National Security Guard (NSG)
    • Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

Source: PIB