Agreement to Save Coastal Wetlands | 13 Apr 2019

The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to map, validate and protect smaller wetlands in coastal regions.

  • It is an attempt to build resilience against the impact of climate change.
  • MoU signed between the CMFRI and the Space Applications Centre of ISRO includes:
    • Identify and demarcate wetlands, and restore them through suitable livelihood options such as coastal aquaculture.
    • Develop a mobile app and a centralized web portal that will have a comprehensive database of wetlands that are smaller than 2.25 hectares in the country.
  • The collaborative move is part of a national framework for fisheries and wetlands, developed recently by the National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) project of CMFRI.
    • National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) is a network project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launched in February 2011.
    • The project aims to enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture to climate change and climate vulnerability through strategic research and technology demonstration.
    • The research on adaptation and mitigation covers crops, livestock, fisheries, and natural resource management.

Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI)

  • The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute was established by Government of India in 1947 under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and later it joined the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in 1967.
    • ICAR is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world functioning under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare.