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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Move to get world heritage status for Sankaram
Mar 27, 2017

Why in news:

The Buddhist Heritage sites at Salihundam (Srikakulam district) and Sankaram near Anakapalle in Visakhapatnam district, in addition to Lepakshi (Anantapur district) and the Nagarjunakonda International Museum (Guntur district) are likely to find a place in the list of Unesco World Heritage Sites.

About the sites:

Sankaram:

  • Also known as Bojjannakonda, was excavated under the aegis of Alexander Rim in 1906. 

SANKARAM

Source:https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-xamEVacJFpQ/TX0KMgIWMcI/AAAAAAAAAp0/Z5gLPY_MMeQ/s1600/Picture4.jpg

  • A gold coin belonging to the Samudragupta period, copper coins of the Chalukya king, Kubja Vishnu Vardhan, coins of Andhra Satavahanas and pottery were discovered at the site.
  • An interesting aspect of the Bojjannakonda finds is that they feature all the three phases of Buddhism: Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana. 
  • A stairway leads to a large double-storeyed cave on a hill. The rectangular cave has a doorway and is flanked by ‘dwarapalakas' on either side.
  • There is a rock-cut stupa, standing on a square platform, at the centre of the cave. 
  • A series of rock-cut caves and monolithic structures standing on rock platforms are seen on the northern side of the hill.
  • The upper cave has a rectangular doorway, flanked by figures of the Buddha on either side. 
  • The imposing figures of the Buddha in a seated meditative posture and the stupa are the main attractions for tourists at Bojjannakonda.
  • To the west of Bojjannakonda is another hillock, Lingalakonda or Lingalametta, where a number of monolithic and structural stupas can be seen. 

Salihundam

  • Lying atop the hill on the south bank of vamsadhara River about 9 miles from Srikakulam town
  • Salihundam is a noted Buddhist place that allures the folks from every nook and corner of the world. 
  • There are numerous Buddhist stupas nestled on a hill amid the picturesque surroundings. 
  • These are deemed to be erected in 1919 by Gidugu Venkata Rama Murthy

SALIHUNDAM

Source:http://scontent.cdninstagram.com/t51.2885-15/e35/12725042_1679445778989205_1415586892_n.jpg?ig_cache_key=MTIxNTkwOTk3MzAyMDQ2NzAyNg%3D%3D.2

NAGARJUNAKONDA

  • A great religious and educational center of Brahmanism and Buddhism
  • Nagarjunkonda gets it name from the noted Buddhist scholar and philosopher-Acharya Nagarjuna who is said to have founded the Madhyamika school of Mahayana Buddhism which greatly influenced the masses in Andhra Pradesh of those days.

Lepakshi
It is located in Anantapur district in southern Andhra Pradesh.
Lepakshi is culturally and archaeologically significant as it is the location of shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Veerabhadra which were built during the Vijayanagara Kings' period 

Shiva

Source:http://www.thehindu.com/migration_catalog/article13345607.ece/alternates/FREE_660/28MP-Lepakshi_3.jpg

The World Heritage site:

These sites are places of importance of cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972. The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage is an international agreement that was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO in 1972.
 


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