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Chennai oil spill dooms turtles
Feb 06, 2017

Why in news:

  • A thick oily tide from the sea lapped at the coast of several fishing hamlets in north Chennai on Sunday, a day after two cargo ships, one of them an oil tanker, collided off Kamarajar Port in Ennore.
  • Several dead turtles and hatchlings coated with the black oil were washed ashore and discovered among the boulders.

What is Oil Spill

It is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. It happens when liquid petroleum is released into the environment by vehicle, vessel or pipeline. It happens on a large scale and is mostly seen in water bodies. It happens due to human negligence and is a major form of pollution.

Effects of Spill:

  • Environmental effect:The animal life that lives in the water or near the shore are the ones most affected by the spill. In most cases, the oil simply chokes the animals to death. Others that live face a number of other problems. The oil works its way into the fur and plumage of the animals. As a result, both birds and mammals find it harder to float in the water or regulate their body temperatures.
  • Tourism decline: The local tourism industry suffers a huge setback as most of the tourists stay away from such places. Dead birds, sticky oil and huge tarballs become common sight. Due to this, various activities such as sailing, swimming, rafting, fishing,  parachute gliding cannot be performed. Industries that rely on sea water to carry on their day to day activities halt their operations till it gets cleaned.

Effect of Human Being: 

 Human-Health

Source:http://image.slidesharecdn.com/oilspills-final-131208015034-phpapp02/95/oil-spills-final-12-638.jpg?cb=1386467594


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