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Provisional Results of Sixth Economic Census
Aug 06, 2014

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) conducted the Sixth Economic Census during January, 2013 to April, 2014 in collaboration with Directorates of Economics and Statistics in all the States and Union Territories.

Economic Census provides detailed information on operational and economic variables, activity wise, of the establishments of the country including their distribution at all-India, State, district and village/ward levels for comprehensive analysis of the structure of the economy (micro, macro, regional levels) and for benchmark purposes. The database also serves as a sampling frame for drawing samples for socio economic surveys by Governments and research organizations.


The first Economic Census was conducted in 1977 covering only non-agricultural establishments employing at least one hired worker on a fairly regular basis. The second and third Economic Censuses were conducted in 1980 and 1990 along with house listing operations of 1981 and 1991 Population Censuses respectively. These two Economic Censuses covered all agricultural and non-agricultural establishments excepting those engaged in crop production and plantation. The fourth and Fifth Economic Censuses were carried out in 1998 and 2005 respectively with the same coverage.


The Sixth Economic Census had also the same coverage as that of Fifth Economic Census. However, establishments engaged in public administration, defence and compulsory social security activities have been excluded as data pertaining to them are available with the Government through administrative records and also due to the difficulties faced in collecting information from such establishments during the Fifth Economic Census. The Sixth Economic Census separately identified handicraft/handloom establishments for the first time. Further, enumeration blocks (EBs) of Population Census, 2011 have been used as the primary geographical units for collection of data. This would facilitate the linking of Census 2011 database with that of Sixth Economic Census at the lower geographical levels like EBs and wards.


The provisional results are based on information compiled using Schedule 6B (Establishment Abstract) of Sixth Economic Census. Provisional key results of Sixth Economic Census is as follows:

 

 Provisional Results of Sixth Economic Census

[Excluding crop production, public administration, defence & compulsory social security services activities]

 

S. No.

Item

Rural India

Urban India

India

1.

a) Number of establishments (in 000)

35,023

23,447

58,470

b) Percentage share

59.9%

40.1%

100.0%

2.

a) Number of establishments (in 000)

 

 

 

i) Outside household without fixed structure

7,333

4,646

11,979

ii) Handicraft/ Handloom

1,294

899

2,193

b) Percentage share in total establishments

 

 

 

i) Outside household without fixed structure

20.94%

19.81%

20.49%

ii) Handicraft/ Handloom

3.69%

3.83%

3.75%

3.

Growth rate (%) in number of establishments over Fifth Economic Census (2005)*

39.28%

45.57%

41.73%

4.

a) Number of persons employed (in 000)

66,289

61,419

127,708

b) Percentage share

51.9%

48.1%

100.0%

5.

Percentage of hired workers in the total persons employed

34.67%

57.59%

45.69%

6.

Percentage of total female workers in the total persons employed

30.90%

19.80%

25.56%

7.

Growth rate (%) in total employment over Fifth Economic Census (2005)*

31.59%

37.46%

34.35%

* The intervening period of fieldwork between Fifth and Sixth Economic Censuses differ from State/UT to State/UT. 

 


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