Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
mains Test Series 2018
National Green Tribunal
Jul 19, 2016

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has been established under the NGT Act, 2010 on 18th October, 2010 .

The Tribunal has been established for the effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

National Green Tribunal Act, 2010

  • The Tribunal has the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
  • The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.
  • The Tribunal’s dedicated jurisdiction in environmental matters shall provide speedy environmental justice and help reduce the burden of litigation in the higher Courts.
  • The Tribunal is mandated to make an endeavor for disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same.
  • Initially, the NGT is proposed to be set up at five places of sittings and will follow circuit procedure for making itself more accessible.
  • The Tribunal has the original jurisdiction over all civil cases where a substantial question relating to environment, including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment is involved.
  • The Tribunal shall hear disputes arising out of the implementation of environmental laws mentioned in Schedule I of the NGT Act, 2010.
  • The  Government is empowered to add any Act of Parliament having regard to objectives of environmental protection and conservation of natural resources.
  • The Tribunal is competent to provide relief over and above as is admissible under the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.
  • In order to ensure access to justice, pollution control boards and local authorities have also been empowered under the NGT Act to file an application or appeal before the Tribunal on behalf of the affected person.
  • Appeal against any order of the Tribunal shall lie to the Supreme Court.
  • No civil court shall have jurisdiction to entertain any appeal in respect of any matter which the Tribunal is empowered to determine under its appellate jurisdiction.
  • No injunction shall be granted by any civil court or other authority in respect of any order passed by the Tribunal.
  • Consequent to enforcement of the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010, the National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995 and the National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997 have been repealed. The cases pending before the National Environment Appellate Authority at the time of establishment of the National Green Tribunal have been transferred to the National Green Tribunal.
  • The five places of its sitting are at Delhi, Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.

http://www.drishtiias.com/upsc-current-affairs-article-National-Green-Tribunal