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India Tops UN Hunger List
Jun 06, 2015

According to United Nations annual hunger report, India is home to the highest number of hungry people in the world, at 194 million, surpassing China.

  • This fact is revealed in the UN body Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) report titled The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015.

  • At the global level, the corresponding figure dropped to 795 million in 2014-15, from 1 billion in 1990-92, with East Asia led by China accounting for most of the reductions.

  • India too saw a reduction between 1990 and 2015.

  • In 1990-92, those who were starved of food in India numbered 210.1 million, which came down to 194.6 million in 2014-15.

  • India has made great strides in reducing the proportion of food insecure persons in the overall population, but according to FAO, it still has over 194 million hungry persons.

  • India's numerous social programmes are expected to continue to fight hunger and poverty.

  • China stood out as the reduction in the number of hungry people was much higher than in India, which came down to 133.8 million in 2014-15 from 289 million in 1990-92.

  • 72 out of 129 countries monitored by FAO have achieved the Millennium Development Goal target of halving the prevalence of undernourishment by 2015, with developing regions as a whole missing the target by a small margin.

  • 29 countries have managed to meet the more ambitious goal of the World Food Summit in 1996 where governments had committed to halve the absolute number of undernourished by 2015.

  • Large reductions in hunger were achieved in East Asia and very fast progress was posted in Latin America and the Caribbean, southeast and central Asia, as well as some parts of Africa, showing that inclusive economic growth, agricultural investments and social protection, along with political stability makes the elimination of hunger possible.

Undernourishment means that a person is not able to acquire enough food to meet the daily minimum dietary energy requirements, over a period of one year. FAO defines hunger as being synonymous with chronic undernourishment.

 


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