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India Ranks 66th in Rule of Law Index
Nov 03, 2016

India ranked 66th among 113 countries in the sixth World Justice Project’s Rule of Law Index. The report said that Rule of law in a country affects business environments, public works, public participation and conflict resolution. It is the foundation for a system of rules to keep us safe, resolve disputes, and enable us to prosper.

Key Points

  • India fared better than its BRICS companions China (80) and Russia (92), but below Brazil (52) and South Africa (43).
  • The report calculated the change in rankings by comparing the positions of the 102 countries analysed in 2015 with the rankings of the same 102 countries in 2016, excluding the 11 new indexed in 2016.
  • The rule of law index relies on eight factors—constraints on government powers, absence of corruption, open government, fundamental rights, order and security, regulatory enforcement, civil justice, and criminal justice—to come to a finding. Informal justice is another criterion the report looks at. 
  • The scoring is based on responses from 1,000 people living in three largest cities in the country. In India, experts from Mumbai, Delhi and Bengaluru were chosen as respondents.
  • Openness of the government in terms of its civic participation mechanisms and communication of basic laws and rights, places India at 28th position in the world and is Number 1 in the South-Asian region and among lower middle income group countries. 
  • However, in stark contrast India’s corresponding performance in maintaining order and security places it at the 104th position globally, 4th between the 6 regional countries and 23rd in the 28 countries featuring in the lower middle income group. 
  • The country’s performance under subjects of open government and constraints on government power has been commendable but driving down India’s performance were parameters of absence of corruption (69), fundamental rights (81), order and security (104), regulatory enforcement (77), civil justice (93) and criminal justice (71).
  • The Scandinavian countries have been the top scorers with Denmark leading the index. Norway, Finland, Sweden and Netherlands form the top five rankers worldwide.
  • The US stood 18th and the UK was placed at No. 10, while Afghanistan (111th), Cambodia (112th) and Venezuela (113th) were at the bottom of the rung.

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