Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
mains Test Series 2018
India-Japan Seek to Enhance Cooperation in Urban Development Sector
Nov 05, 2014

At the meeting of India-Japan Joint Working Group on Urban Development making a detailed presentation on JICA’s Operations in Urban Sector in India, Chief Representative of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in India Sinya Ejima said that with several sewerage projects under implementation and other efforts in progress, and if everything goes well, the quality of water in river Yamuna should be good for drinking by 2017.

JICA is currently associated with 16 projects relating to sewerage and water supply with a total loan commitment of Rs.28,660 Crore in the states of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Goa. The current commitment of JICA’s assistance in urban sector including water and transport is aprrox. Rs. 2,40,000 Crore.

According to JICA, the challenges in water sector in India to be addressed are:

  • Improvement in Operation & Maintenance (O&M) for efficient management of assets created.

  • Improvement in service delivery.

  • Improving financial position of urban local bodies.

  • Entrusting O&M to private sector through PPP model.

  • Promotion of re-use and recycling technologies to address water scarcity.


Challenges in urban transport sector are:

  • Introduction of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)

  • Optimal mechanism for introduction of Metro rail systems.

  • Introduction of regional transit systems, monorails and Light Rail Transport and technical assistance for preparing comprehensive mobility plans.


For the first time, state governments had been involved in the meetings of the Joint Working Group after 7 years of its inception. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Kerala had outlined various urban development initiatives in respective states highlighting opportunities for technical and financial cooperation.

Maharashtra Government has planned for 450 km. network of metro systems, 241 km. of sub-urban railway system, 1,660 km. of urban highway system, 77 km. of highway corridors besides passenger water transport systems with the attendant infrastructure in urban areas by 2031 with an investment requirement of 50.72 billion dollar.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.

http://www.drishtiias.com/upsc-current-affairs-article-India-Japan-Seek-to-Enhance-Cooperation-in-Urban-Development-Sector