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Geneva Climate Change Talks
Feb 24, 2015

Recently held UN climate talks in Geneva ended with agreement on a formal draft negotiating text for the upcoming summit in Paris in December.

 Key Points 

  • This climate talks focussed on finalising a draft negotiating text for the Paris summit.

  • Delegates from 194 countries convened in Geneva to continue work following the Lima Climate Change Conference held in Peru last year, which had produced elements for the negotiating text-known as the Lima Call for Climate Action

  • The 86-page document builds on negotiations in Peru last year.

  • The aim is to have a new global climate agreement in place by the end of 2015.

  • The negotiating text covers the substantive content of the new agreement including mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology and capacity-building.
  • Countries worked hard to identify the main choices, put their views forward and add more sharpened options to the text. 

  • The 6-day conference in Geneva was the first formal gathering since the Lima climate summit in December last year.

The next step is for negotiators to narrow down options and reach consensus on the content. Formal work and negotiations on the text will continue at the Climate Change Conference in Bonn in June and at two further formal sessions later in the year in Bonn (31 August to 4 September and 19 to 23 October). 

 What is UNFCCC? 

With 196 Parties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has near universal membership and is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by 192 of the UNFCCC Parties. For the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, 37 States, consisting of highly industrialized countries and countries undergoing the process of transition to a market economy, have legally binding emission limitation and reduction commitments. 

In Doha in 2012, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol adopted an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, which establishes the second commitment period under the Protocol. 

The ultimate objective of both treaties is to stabilize Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.

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