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Emission of Greenhouse Gases
Aug 20, 2015

World Resources Institute (WRI) has come out with its latest analysis of the country-wise carbon emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). 

  • In per capita emissions for top 10 emitters, India with per capita emission of 1.92 tonnes (approx) of carbon dioxide equivalent is at the bottom most rank. 

  • The approximate per capita emissions of Canada is 24.6 tonnes, United States is 19. 6 tonnes, Russia is 15.3 tonnes and China is 7.69 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2011. 

  • These are many times more than India’s per capita emission average. 

  • India’s per capita emissions are only one-third of the global average. 

  • Such studies strengthen India’s position regarding differentiated responsibility for Climate Change. 

Article 3.1 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provides that “the Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Accordingly, the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof”. 

Preambular para of the Lima Call for Climate Action reiterates that the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action shall be under the Convention and guided by its principles. 

Accordingly, India has been coordinating with the Like Minded Developing Countries (LMDCs) and the G-77 and China and BASIC (Brazil, India, China and South Africa) group of countries to ensure an ambitious, equitable and balanced outcome in Paris under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).


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