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Constitution of 21st Law Commission of India
Sep 23, 2015

The Union Government has given its approval on the Constitution of the 21st Law Commission of India, for a period of three years w.e.f. 1st September. 2015 to 31st August, 2018.  The 21st Law Commission will consist of:

  • A full-time Chairperson;

  • Four full-time Members (including a Member-Secretary)

  • Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex-officio Member

  • Secretary, Legislative Department as ex-officio Member

  • Not more than five part-time Members

Functions of Law Commission

  • The Law Commission shall, on a reference made to it by the Central Government or suo-motu, undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations.

  • It shall also undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in cost of litigation etc.

  • Identification of laws which are no longer relevant and recommending for the repeal of obsolete and unnecessary enactments.

  • Sggesting enactment of new legislations as may be necessary to implement the Directive Principles and to attain the objectives set out in the Preamble of the Constitution.

  • Considering and conveying to the Government its views on any subject relating to law and judicial administration that may be specifically referred to it by the Government through Ministry of Law and Justice (Department of Legal Affairs).

  • Considering the requests for providing research to any foreign countries as may be referred to it by the Government through Ministry of Law & Justice (Department of Legal Affairs).

  • Preparing and submitting to the Central Government, from time to time, reports on all issues, matters, studies and research undertaken by it and recommending in such reports for effective measures to be taken by the Union or any State.

  • Performing such other functions as may be assigned to it by the Central Government from time to time.

  • Before concretizing its recommendations, the Commission will consult the nodal Ministry/Departments and such, other stakeholders as the Commission may deem necessary for the purpose.

The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of lndia from time to time. The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 and is re-constituted every three years. The tenure of the 20th Law Commission was upto 31st August, 2015.

The various Law Commissions have been able to make important contribution towards the progressive development and codification of laws of the country. Law Commissions have so far submitted 262 reports. 


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