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Border cooperation pact signed between India and China
Oct 24, 2013

The Government of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China along the principles of mutual and equal security acknowledged the need to continue to maintain peace, stability and tranquility along the line of actual control in the India-China border areas and to continue implementing confidence building measures in the military field along the line of actual control. On the set of confidence building measures they have agreed that in any face-off on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) they will not use force or threaten to use force against each other and prevent exchange of fire or an armed conflict.

Further the two sides shall implement border defence cooperation in the following ways:

I. Exchange information-including information about military exercises, aircrafts, demolition operations and unmarked mines-and take consequent measures conducive to the maintenance of peace, stability and tranquility along the line of actual control in the India-China border areas,

II. Jointly combat smuggling of arms, wildlife, wildlife articles and other contrabands,

III. Assist the other side in locating personnel, livestock, means of transport and aerial vehicles that may have crossed or are possibly in the process of crossing the line of actual control in the India-China border areas,

IV. Work with the other side in combating natural disasters or infectious diseases that may affect or spread to the other side,

V. Any other way mutually agreed upon by the two sides.

The two sides have also formalised an agreement not to tail each other’s patrols in the border areas where there is no common understanding of the LAC, and the right to seek a clarification. The two sides are to establish meeting sites for border personnel, as well as telephone and telecommunication links on the LAC. A hotline between the two military headquarters is under consideration. 


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