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Bharat Ratna to A.B. Vajpayee & M.M. Malaviya
Dec 27, 2014

The President's Office announced the Bharat Ratna award to Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The announcement was made on the eve of A.B. Vajpayee's 90th birthday and the 153rd birth anniversary of M.M. Malaviya.

  • Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award instituted in 1954, is given in recognition of exceptional service, performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for this award.

  • The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President. The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.

  • On conferment of the award, the recipient receives a certificate signed by the President and a medallion.

  • The award does not carry any monetary grant. The award cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name.  However, should an award winner consider it necessary, he or she may use the following expression in their biodata or letterhead or visiting card etc. to indicate that he or she is a recipient of the award: Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President or Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award.

  • Educationist Madan Mohan Malaviya and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee are the 44th and 45th distinguished personalities who have been conferred with country’s highest civilian award.


Bharat Ratna Recipients

  1. C. Rajagopalachari (1954)

  2. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954)

  3. C.V. Raman (1954)

  4. Bhagwan Das (1955)

  5. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya (1955)

  6. Jawaharlal Nehru (1955)

  7. Govind Ballabh Pant (1957)

  8. Dhondo Keshav Karve (1958)

  9. Bidhan Chandra Roy (1961)

  10. Purushottam Das Tandon (1961)

  11. Rajendra Prasad (1962)

  12. Zakir Hussain (1963)

  13. Pandurang Vaman Kane (1963)

  14. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1966)

  15. Indira Gandhi (1971)

  16. V.V. Giri (1975)

  17. K. Kamaraj (1976)

  18. Mother Teresa (1980)

  19. Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1983)

  20. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987)

  21. M.G. Ramachandran (1988)

  22. B.R. Ambedkar (1990)

  23. Nelson Mandela (1990)

  24. Rajiv Gandhi (1991)

  25. Vallabhbhai Patel (1991)

  26. Morarji Desai (1991)

  27. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1992)

  28. J.R.D. Tata (1992)

  29. Satyajit Ray (1992)

  30. Gulzarilal Nanda (1997)

  31. Aruna Asaf Ali (1997)

  32. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (1997)

  33. M.S. Subbulakshmi (1998)

  34. Chidambaram Subramaniam (1998)

  35. Jayaprakash Narayan (1999)

  36. Amartya Sen (1999)

  37. Gopinath Bordoloi (1999)

  38. Pandit Ravi Shankar (1999)

  39. Lata Mangeshkar (2001)

  40. Ustad Bismillah Khan (2001)

  41. Bhimsen Joshi (2009)

  42. C.N.R. Rao (2014)

  43. Sachin Tendulkar (2014)


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