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Q. Why Medical council of India needs reforms?
Apr 02, 2016 Related to : GS Paper 2 & 3

Ans :

Introduction-

The Medical Council of India (MCI) is a apex body to establish and maintain high standards of medical education and recognition of medical qualifications in India. It is a statutory body (formed by an act of parliament) aimed to protect and promote the health and safety of the public by ensuring proper standards in the practice of medicine. Since last several years MCI came under severe criticism due to various reasons.

Issues-

  • Six years ago (in 2010) MCI was suspended temporarily due to corruption scandal, even its president was arrested on graft charges.

  • Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare in its recent report tabled in parliament expressed shock over manner in which MCI operates. Even it asked how MCI headed by someone who is facing corruption charges will ensure ethical norms for medical professionals.

  • The report even accused central government and MCI for failing to stop the sale of medical seats in private colleges for huge capitation fees.

  • It also questioned how a single, all-powerful agency (MCI) heavily influenced by corporate hospitals to provide accreditation to institutions and assess their quality, will ensure ethical standards in medical profession.

Solution-

  • To clean-up these issues of MCI comprehensive reforms are the need of the hour. It should begin with separation of powers like approving standards and accreditation requirements for medical education, fixing norms to assess the competence of medical graduates and laying down ethical practice guidelines.

  • It is worth considering the suggestions made by Ranjit Roy Chaudhary committee, like the creation of a National Medical Commission to oversee education and policy, and separate bodies for undergraduate and postgraduate training, assessment of institutions and medical ethics.

  • Also Inducting non-medical professionals of integrity and community health experts in these regulatory bodies would help to revamp the existing structure.

Conclusion-

To ensure public interest and the highest ethical standards in medical practices, a thorough clean-up in the manner in which medical education and health-care institutions are regulated. Also the commercialisation of health education and medical practices needs to be contained.


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