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Q. Spectrum allocations: Analyse new policy spectrum allocations, which intents re-framing and re-assigning (spectrum allocations) for use by defence and commercial telecom.
Jun 28, 2016 Related to : GS Paper - 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Spectrum (electromagnetic spectrum) refers to the full range of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation and also to the characteristic distribution of electromagnetic radiation emitted or absorbed by the particular object.

New Policy-

Recently government has decided to re-frame and re-assign spectrum allocations for use by defence and for commercial telecom, to make available a reported 200 MHz of additional, usable spectrum, essentially in the 1800 MHz band.

Analysis-

  • Till now narrow bands of spectrum were assigned to defence interspersed with narrow bands of spectrum available for commercial telephonic use, which prevented usage of large chunk available contiguous spectrum for either type of use. It reflects under-utilisation of vital national resource.

  • The new allocation policy will help defence service and also to telecom sector in providing decent services to their consumers. And it will also solve the problems of spectrum shortage to great extent.

  • By making both types of spectrum available (below 1 Ghz and above 1 Ghz) could provide the choice of the frequency band for the carrying the data explosion. 

  • It is also significant move with respect to government’s Digital India drive and has a direct bearing on India’s overall energy efficiency and ability to meet its commitments to combat climate change.

Suggestions-

  • The government’s aim should be to free up as much of low frequency bands as possible.

  • Similarly spectrum should be made available to telecom operators at rates that the people of India can afford, because it ultimately people who bear the charges.

Conclusion-

Government’s new spectrum allocation policy will strengthen the India telecom sector and helps India’s defence sector. Considering the demand of digital India drive the current policies, indeed are in right direction. While fixing the rates of the spectrum, profit should not be sole motive. 


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