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Q. Pulses issues in India: Comment issue related to pulses in India.
Feb 23, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Growing India’s economy and rising incomes of Indian people is demanding higher protein intake particularly of pulses.  Most of the people prefer pulses for protein instead of meat due to its high cost and cultural reasons. 

Issues of pulses in India-

  • Consumption of pulses is highest in India in comparison to others. The current demand for pulses in the country is over 22 million tonnes and the demand is rising. But the production of pulses in India is below 19 million tonnes. The balance is met Issue through exports.
  • India dependent on imports meet its demand of pulses. India approximately imports 5 million tonnes of pulses from 46 countries. Hence any dip in production in those countries will results in inflation in India.  
  • Imports are not long term solutions. Demand for pulses is rising even in parts of the world where it hasn’t been a staple diet. Hence imports may become costlier in coming years. 
  • India has large population of malnutrition and intake of pulses is very important to curb the malnutrition. Many times prices of pulses rose at an alarming pace, which forced many weaker sections to cut back their consumption of pulses.  
  • Even United Nation designated 2016 as the year of pulses to highlight their importance in curbing malnutrition. Hence to meet its demand of pulses India needs a long term strategic plan  

Conclusion- 

Rise in India’s economy as well as its population makes higher demand protein foods like pulses. Though Government has undertook many measures to meet the growing demands of pulses, but India lacks long term strategic plan. Hence it’s time for India to prepare strategic plan to meet its domestic demand of pulses and reduce the dependency on other countries.


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