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Q. PM's Africa Tour: Discuss key takeaways of Prime Minister’s recent tour to four African countries.
Jul 13, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Prime Minister of India recently visited four African countries: Mozambique, South Africa and Tanzania and Kenya. The visit was aimed at increasing manifold India's footprint in the continent. It followed trips to other African nations this June by President and Vice-President. The visit comes within eight months of India hosting the heads of state and government of 41 African countries and representatives of all 54 African states in New Delhi at the third India-Africa summit in October.

Key takeaways-

  • India signed a long-term agreement for the import of pulses from Mozambique, which will help India tide over shortage of pulses in the country that has led to a spurt in prices.
  • All the four countries forged consensus with India on terrorism, like India these countries also share the problem of extremism terrorism and piracy.
  • India invited defence businesses to set up a manufacturing base in India, which could service the domestic requirements of India and South Africa as well as for export to third countries.
  • India also laid out blueprints for future cooperation, in the face of competition from China. In Mozambique, India offered to share India’s expertise in agriculture infrastructure.
  • Similarly India offered its help in public health care in these countries like, supply of essential medicines, to build a cancer hospital, treatment of AIDS etc.

Analysis-

  • Populations of India and Africa combined account for a third of the world's population and most of the African countries shared experience of struggle against colonial powers. The good relation with these countries is essential for India to become leader in international forum.
  • Recent incidents of Africans facing racist violence in India and elsewhere have been damaging. In this background PM’s visit is significant to forge good relations with them.
  • Africa is a continent of 54 countries, and each has diverse reasons to improve ties with India, from sharing low-cost technologies and pharmaceuticals, building on the Solar Alliance and renewable energies, and growing markets for each other’s goods. In this background India left its footprint in of these countries during recent visit.
  • Various new initiatives like food security, energy, terrorism and Make in India will yield significant benefits to both India and these countries.

Conclusion-

As India and Africa shares one third of global population, a good relation with Africa will boost strategic, economic and soft power of India. Recent PM’s visit to four-nations of Africa can well be termed more in the line to boost energy diplomacy and diaspora outreach. It symbolises India's growing presence in the continent beyond its age-old historical and cultural ties with most of the countries.


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