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Q. Milk Adulteration: Discuss the impact and suggestions with reference to milk adultration.
Jun 16, 2017 Related to : G S Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction- 

Recently Madras High Court has directed the Tamil Nadu Government to file a status report on action taken on complaints against milk adulteration. In the backdrop of court directive, 14 out of 73 samples of milk which were tested at a special camp conducted by the food safety and drug administration department in Melur were found substandard. Issue of milk adulteration has been in the news since long time, it has far reaching impact on society. 

Its impact-

  • The adulteration of milk with synthetic detergents, water, chalk and baking soda among other things poses a serious health hazard especially to children.
  • The Indian Council of Medical Research has reported that milk adulterants have hazardous health effects. The detergent in milk can cause food poisoning and other gastrointestinal complications. 
  • Its high alkaline level can also damage body tissue and destroy proteins. Other synthetic components can cause impairments, heart problems, cancer or even death. 
  • While the immediate effect of drinking milk adulterated with urea, caustic soda and formalin is gastroenteritis, the long-term effects are far more serious.
  • The effects of adulteration not only threaten people’s health but the toxins enter the food chain and contaminate produce and groundwater for years on end. Certain adulterants stay on in the body long after the contaminated food has been consumed.

Suggestions-

  • To contain ill effects of adulteration, there is an urgent need to enhance the punishment for adulteration of milk. 
  • Many popular food brands have been found to contain hormones, metals and toxins during checks - these substances seem to find their way back into food once the attention is off. Hence the proposed increase in punishment for milk adulteration will be extended to other food items. 

Conclusion-

The adulteration of milk with synthetic detergents, water, chalk and baking soda among other things poses a serious health hazard especially to children. Apex Courts recent observation in the interest of people’s health and well-being. It must now be ensured that the changes sought in the law are implemented stringently. 


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