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Q. Evaluation of Skill India: In the backdrop of completion of one year of Skill India programme, evaluate the programme and discuss why skill India needs concerted attention?
Jul 18, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2 and 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Skill India a flagship programme of government of India has completed one year of its launching. It includes various initiatives of the government like National Skill Development Mission, National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana and the Skill Loan scheme. It has aim to train impart skill to over 400 million people by 2022. The programme made some head ways in last one year, but it need to be improved to achieve desired goals. Recently government revised this mission.

Performance Evaluation-

  • The government set a target of skilling 400 million persons by 2022, but its pace is in slow rate than the set target. At this pace, the 2022 target appears to be very difficult. And training to job transition rate is very low than the expectation.
  • In its first phase, the government trained some 1.97 million people against a target of 2.4 million. And the skilling to placement ratio is low.

Revision in the programme-

  • Now, the government has stepped in to improve accountability of the scheme through a quarterly review of outcomes and direct payment systems.
  • And Rs 12,000-crore package approved for providing skill training and certifying 10 million persons over the next four years, which marks the second phase of the programme, seeks to address the gaps.
  • In the new version of the scheme, the government will also focus on training people to work overseas, including Europe and Central Asia.

Why it concerted attention?

  • To achieve the desired goal of the Skill India programme increased funding and training options alone will not help. The true test of the initiative is ensuring a smooth transition to jobs.
  • This will require measures to incentivise employers to offer apprentice schemes that ensure skill training programmes are in sync with industry’s requirements.
  • To ensure the above requirement there is need of concerted attention on Skill India programme, hence government must ensure such attention for the programme.

Conclusion-

Skill India is ambitious programme of Government of India. At present India faces a severe shortage of trained workers. Only 2.3% of India’s work force has formal skill training compared to 68% in the UK, 75% in Germany, 52% in USA, 80% in Japan and 96% in South Korea. Hence there is is an urgent need to impart skills in more efficient way. Similarly success of many initiatives like Make-in-India depends on availability of the requisite skilled manpower. Hence Skill India needs concerted attention to achieve desired goals.


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