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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. CAG audit on National Food Security Act: In the backdrop of recent CAG report on food security act, comment on implementation of National Food Security Act in India.
May 07, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

National Food Security Act (NFSA) which came into force in 2013 aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India's total population. Recently CAG has been released its audit report on implementation of NFSA. It evaluated preparedness of 18 states/UTs for implementation of food security act and blamed government for delay in implementation of the law.

Key features of audit report-

  • State governments have not identified the eligible beneficiaries in a systematic manner.

  • Till now only 51 % of the total eligible beneficiaries had been identified in all states/UTs.

  • Central government has failed to resolve issues raised by states during both formulation and implementation of law.

  • In the absence of consensus between states and centre, implementation of law has been delayed in various states/UTs.

Issues in effective implementation of food security act-

  • Implementation of the act delayed in various states due to non-finalisation of total number of eligible beneficiaries as per socio-economic caste census.

  • Many states are suffers from lack of infrastructure, insufficient funds, and also lack of required manpower. Due to which instead of eligible beneficiaries, bogus and ineligible beneficiaries were enjoying the benefits of the act.

  • Central government have not prepared an effective plan to remove the bottlenecks in the movement and storage of food grains.

  • Storage capacity of food-grains is not adequate to meet the requirement under act and government has not made any effort to formulate a nation-wide plan for creating scientific and modern storage facilities.

Suggestions-

  • Central government should take effective steps address the bottlenecks in computerisation of operations in all states for effective implementation of act.

  • States should upgrade its infrastructure with help of centre and it should comply with the provisions of the act.

  • States should start clean up drive and strike out the bogus and ineligible beneficiaries from the list.

  • Provisions of act should be as decentralised as possible, so that states can implement it with according to its local need.

Conclusion-

Being developing country, ensuring the food security to poorer section is need of the hour. Hence central and state governments should coordinate each other for effective implementation of ambitious food security programme.


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