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Q. Automation impact: Discuss the issue and impact related to automation on jobs in India.
May 15, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Today, the world is witnessing large scale of automation of jobs. The term automation is defined as the use or introduction of automatic equipment in a manufacturing or other process or facility. In a recent time most of the industries adopting automation system in their operations, which has major impact on job in India.

Issue-

According to research report published by World Bank,  automation has threatened about 69% jobs in India, while it is 77% in China and about 85% in Ethiopia. By 2025 about 70% of India’s population would be of working age, hence automation has posed severe threats on jobs in India. 

Analysis-

  • Increased usage and advancement in robotics, materials, artificial intelligence, ubiquitous high-speed networks, driverless vehicles and solar energy have transformed the economic landscape, similarly rendered jib scarce. 
  • Even though some may disagree with current status of report, but scarcity of jobs cannot be dismissed out rightly and eventually it is. 
  • India having huge population under working age, impact of automation will be huge challenge, and it has far reaching reparacation on various aspects of life.

Suggestions-

  • India must be prepare to utilise its huge human capital by infusing creative and productive skills. 
  • India needs to invest in social and physical infrastructure to enhance people’s education, health skills etc., it need huge public spending. 
  • There is a need to adopt radical change in the approach on important aspects like learning and we must focus on outcomes. 

Conclusion-

India has huge population under working age. The World Bank study report of impact of automation is cause to worry in the India context. Hence the government should take this issue very seriously and adopt measures to enhance the job creations in India, else India’s demographic dividend may turn into demographic disaster. 


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